Philippine Flag and Independence Day

On this day, June 12, 1898, the flag of the Philippines was adopted, honoring their Proclamation of Independence from Spain.  The modern design was first conceived of by President Emilio Aguinaldo during his exile in 1897.  The equilateral white triangle symbolizes equality and fraternity.  The horizontal blue stripe represents peace, truth and justice; the horizontal red stripe symbolizes patriotism and valor. In the center of the white triangle is an eight-ray golden sun representing unity, freedom, democracy and sovereignty. The rays of the sun represent each of the first eight provinces that started the 1896 Philippine Revolution againstSpain. At each vertex of the triangle is a five-pointed golden yellow star which represents the country’s 3 main regions – Luzon, Visayas andMindanao.

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